Ambigram

This posting has no relationship with Ambiono, my classmates at Junior High School. But there’s some relationship with ambiguity. This terms “ambigram” is introduced by Judith E. Bagai, a former editor of The Enigma, the official organ of The National Puzzlers’ League. This terms refer to “ambiguous anagram”.

“An ambigram, also sometimes known as an inversion or flipscript, is a graphical figure that spells out a word not only in its form as presented, but also in another direction or orientation”, -Wikipedia-

“Ambigram is a calligraphic design that manages to squeeze two different readings into the selfsame set of curves”,-Douglas R. Hofstadter-

According to practitioner John Langdon, ambigrams were independently invented by himself and by Scott Kim in the 1970s.[1] Kim used the name Inversions as the title of his first collection in 1981. The first published reference to “ambigram” was by Hofstadter, who attributes the origin of the word to conversations among a small group of friends during 1983–1984.[citation needed] The 1999 edition of Hofstadter’s Gödel, Escher, Bach features a 3-D ambigram on the cover. -Wikipedia-




I interested in ambigram maybe since I read Dan Brown’s novel, “Angels and Demon”. In the first time, I try to create my name’s ambigram on paper. I was success but, the shape was still to rough. I mean not artistic at all, and then I try to create some other name. Some words that I had created are sains, assasin, murder, lutfi, fariz, syadid59, amey, klara, tiera, heart, statistics, rani, ratih, vinda, heri, sigit, tjipto, and zulhelmi. I think it’s not too difficult if you know the basic. Along this time, I just concern in rotational and some mirror ambigram. Some types of ambigram can be seen below:

Rotational
A design that presents several instances of words when rotated through a fixed angle. This is usually 180 degrees, but rotational ambigrams of other angles exist, for example 90 or 45 degrees. The word spelled out from the alternative direction(s) is often the same, but may be a different word to the initially presented form. A simple example is the lower-case abbreviation for “Down”, dn, which looks like the lower-case word up when rotated 180 degrees.
Mirror
A design that can be read when reflected in a mirror, usually as the same word or phrase both ways. Ambigrams that form different words when viewed in the mirror are also known as glass door ambigrams,
because they can be printed on a glass door to be read differently when entering or exiting.
Figure-ground
A design in which the spaces between the letters of one word form another word.
Chain
A design where a word (or sometimes words) are interlinked, forming a repeating chain. Letters are usuallyoverlapped meaning that a word will start partway through another word. Sometimes chain ambigrams are presented in the form of a circle.
Space-filling
Similar to chain ambigrams, but tile to fill the 2-dimensional plane.
Fractal
A version of space-filling ambigram where the tiled word branches from itself and then shrinks in a self-similar manner, forming a fractal.
3-dimensional
A design where an object is presented that will appear to read several letters or words when viewed from different angles. Such designs can be generated using constructive solid geometry.
Perceptual shift
A design with no symmetry but can be read as two different words depending on how the curves of the letters are interpreted.
Natural
A natural ambigram is a word that possesses one or more of the above symmetries when written in its
natural state, requiring no typographic styling. For example, the words “dollop” and “suns” are natural rotational ambigrams. The word “bud” forms a natural mirror ambigram when reflected over a vertical axis. The words “CHOICE” and “OXIDE”, in all capitals, form a natural mirror ambigram when reflected over a horizontal axis. The word “TOOTH”, in all capitals, forms a natural mirror ambigram when its letters are stacked vertically and reflected over a vertical axis.
An Ambigram that, when rotated 180 degrees, can be read as a different word to the original.

The simple tips from me if you wanna try to create for your own rotational ambigram are:

1. Always remember some fonts that has natural ambiguity for their own like “S”, “N”, “I”, “O”, “G” etc.

2. Remember also the natural ambiguity for other fonts, like “M” and “W”, “V” and “A”, “n” and “u”, etc.

3. If possible, set a font as centre of rotation. It’s better if that word has natural ambiguity for theirown.

4. List some mirror font like “r” and “i” like in the ambigram of my name, etc.

5. Start to create your own ambigram… ^-^!!…

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